EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Cameroonian authorities used the participatory approach in designing the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) in April 2003. For the purpose of monitoring and implementing this paper, the Government established this strategy’s steering institutional framework comprising: (i) an Inter-ministerial Committee
to monitor implementation of the PRSP, and (ii) a Technical Committee to monitor and evaluate implementationof the PRSP.
This revision of the PRSP aims to correct the irregularities or weaknesses identified during successive evaluations of the paper’s implementation, and during participatory consultations in March 2008. The process of revising the strategy has resulted in the growth and employment strategy paper (GESP) and
confirmed the option of involving people at the grassroots using the participatory approach. It has been the wish of the people that whatever strategy adopted should form part of a long-term development vision supplemented with multi-year development programmes. This recommendation has been considered with the formulation by the authorities of a development vision to be realized by 2035 and the adoption of a new financial regime in December 2007.
The GESP has been prepared within a context marked by a rising cost of living at the domestic level,
the international financial crisis, and the global food and energy crisis. It is the empirical expression of
an integrated framework of a medium-term sustainable human development for Cameroon and describes
the country’s progress towards achieving the MDGs and realizing the vision. Consequently, it is presented
as: i) an integrated development framework; ii) a financial coherence framework; iii) a government
action and external support coordination framework; iv) an advisory and consultation framework
with civil society organizations, the private sector and development partners; v) a guide for analytical
works to inform the management of development.
The GESP is divided into seven interdependent chapters dealing with: i) a review of development policies,
ii) a long-term development vision and GESP goals; iii) a growth strategy; iv) an employment strategy;
v) state governance and strategic management; vi) macroeconomic and budgetary guidelines, vii)
an institutional framework and GESP implementation and monitoring mechanisms. A package of priority
actions for GESP implementation appears in the annex. It is a summary of more detailed sector packages
for programming and monitoring implementation of the seven sector strategies upon which the GESP
is based, and is at the same time a source of reference and a coherence framework. The sector packages
are compiled into a separate document which is annexed to the GESP.

 

Download the full documentCameroon-PRSP(Aug2010)