1. Country Analysis
1.1 Country Context
1. Cameroon is a lower-middle-income country with a population of 23.3 million people of 230 ethnic and linguistic groups; 80 percent of the people live in eight French-speaking regions, the remainder in two English-speaking regions; 54 percent live in urban areas. There are five agro-ecological zones. The country produces many agricultural goods and benefits from natural resources, including oil, gas, timber and minerals.
2. Cameroon is politically stable and peaceful, but it ranks 153rd of 188 countries in the Human Development Index.1 Between 2007 and 2014, the number of poor people increased by 12 percent to 8.1 million.2 The poverty rate is 39 percent, and poverty is concentrated in the Far North, North, Adamaoua and Eastern regions, where 90 percent of people requiring humanitarian support reside.3
3. Conflicts in northern Nigeria and northwestern Central African Republic exacerbate poverty by displacing refugees to Cameroon; insecurity hampers humanitarian access in Far North and along the border in the east.
4. Far North has been the target of Boko Haram attacks since 2013. Joint military operations by Cameroon and Nigeria have dispersed many of the fighters, but small groups still carry out unpredictable attacks that make many areas difficult to reach. Even in areas where security has improved sufficiently for populations to return, unexploded munitions pose a risk.
5. The national gender inequality index of 0.879 places Cameroon 132nd of 188 countries in the Human Development Report;4 65 percent of women are literate compared with 78 percent of men. In 2015, primary school enrolment was 90 percent, and enrolment in secondary education was 50 percent for girls and boys.5
1.2 Progress Towards Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2
Progress on SDG 2 targets
6. Access to food. Food consumption rose from 2,200 kcal/person/day in 2011 to 2,550 kcal/person/day in 2015, above the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) minimum threshold for national food availability of 2,400 kcal/person/day. The Government has stabilized food prices since 2011 by building buffer stocks, setting up warehouses and introducing specialized markets under the Mission de régulation des approvisionnements des produits de grande consommation.6
7. Food insecurity increased from 19 percent in 2015 to 24 percent in 2016 in the target regions, where food production is limited by frequent droughts and flooding, poor roads and access to markets, land degradation, lack of technical services and institutional support, and property rights that disproportionately limit access for women. Limited access to food affects 25 percent of rural and 12 percent of urban households.7 In the target regions, 14 percent of households are headed by women, and 16 percent of these households are food insecure.
download the full document WFP_Country Strategic Plans — Cameroon (2018–2020)